Effective Tax Rate On Complex, Building, Flat Etc.
It is brought to the notice of buyers of constructed property that there is no GST on the sale of the complex/ building and ready to move-in flats where the sale takes place after the issue of completion certificate by the competent authority. GST is applicable on sale of under construction property or ready to move-in flats where completion certificate has not been issued at the time of sale.
The effective rate of tax and credit available to the builders for payment of tax are summarized in the table for pre-GST and GST regime.
|Period||Output Tax Rate||Input Tax Credit details||Input Tax Credit details||Effective Rate of Tax|
Service Tax: 4.5%
VAT: 1% to 5%
Central Excise on most of the construction materials: 12.5%
VAT: 12.5 to 14.5%
Entry Tax: Yes
|No input tax credit (ITC) of VAT and Central Excise duty paid on inputs was available to the builder for payment of output tax, hence it got embedded in the value of properties. Considering that goods constitute approximately 45% of the value, embedded ITC was approximately 10- 12%.||Effective pre-GST tax incidence: 15- 18%|
Affordable housing segment: 8%,
Other segment: 12% after 1/3rdabatement of the value of land
|Major construction materials, capital goods and input services used for the construction of flats, houses, etc. attract GST of 18% or more.||ITC available and a weighted average of ITC incidence is approximately 8 to10%.|
Effective GST incidence,
for the affordable segment and for other segment has not increased as compared to the pre- GST regime.
Housing projects in the affordable segment such as Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission, Rajiv Awas Yojana, Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana or any other housing scheme of State Government etc., attract GST of 8%. For such projects, after offsetting input tax credit, the builder or developer in most cases will not be required to pay GST in cash as the builder would have enough ITC in his books of account to pay the output GST.
For projects other than an affordable segment, it is expected that the cost of the complex/ buildings/ flats would not have gone up due to the implementation of GST. Builders are also required to pass on the benefits of the lower tax burden to the buyers of property by way of reduced prices/instalments, where effective tax rate has been down.